These lesions are often caused by infection with fungus that results from overcrowding and stress during importation. They are often found roaming the body, tucked under the edges of scale around the eyes, ears, or other skin folds. Please never use hot rocks as they can get hot very quickly and do not provide adequate heating for your iguana. What you need to achieve is soil, which you can easily push, but which will stay in place when you take your hand away. If the spikes are very dry, you can apply some mineral oil, pure coconut oil, Vaseline or sea Buckthorn oil to the spikes to help them shed. To help you iguana get better, you will need to soak your iguana in Betadine solution and apply antibiotic ointment. The iguana may exhibit no signs of illness or may strain during urination and act listless. Lights should not be placed inside the cage; rather, they should be positioned outside the cage so they can shine into the cage. The veterinarian may select a medical and/or surgical approach to relieve this serious condition, depending upon circumstances. Mites are microscopic and often hard to see. If you have multiple pieces of carpet, you can simply replace the soiled carpet with the clean carpet. Don’t forget staple foods, lighting, heating, humidity and supplements. Iguana Commercial Diets: The manufacturers of commercial iguana diets claim that their products contain all of the nutrients essential to the survival of green iguanas, however, extensive research into the actual nutritional requirements of iguana is lacking. Temperature: 65-72°F night time low, 82-95°F daytime high. Iguanas obtain most of the water that they need from the food, however, you should still provide a water source i.e. Iguanas do not sweat as humans do, so they do not excrete salt through their skin. The only part of the nail that you should clip off is the pointed tip. Growth: Your iguana will grow very rapidly until it is about two or three years old. Excrement and Potty Training: Most iguanas defecate about once a day. Iguanas get rid of excess salt in their organisms by sneezing. Nose Abrasions: Nose wounds are common in many lizards that are housed in cages that have wire or screen on the sides. Iguanas use radiant heat from above not heat from below. This will help to remove a whole tick, without leaving its head under the skin (that can cause infection). Application of a topical antibiotic ointment is recommended. To treat burns in iguana, make sure to apply some cream that is intended for burns and is also an antiseptic. As they get older, however, there are some visual clues that can help you distinguish between the two sexes. Microscopic evaluation of the material in the lump is necessary to determine the difference. (Male iguanas have two penises together, called the hemipenes.) Mite infestations may result in slightly raised patches of black discoloration on the abdomen and legs. They will leap sporadically from treetop to treetop in hopes of evading their predator or they will drop quickly to the forest floor and run away. Signs of mites on your iguana include rubbing of the body against various objects (don’t confuse with shedding), spending more time soaking and itching. The cage should have a temperature gradient, so the lizard can choose the temperature that is most comfortable at that time. I need to eradicated this problem asap because I also have a Jackson chameleon and I don't want him to get them. If your iguana gets burned – it will develop dark brown burnt patches. The main thing that you must do – provide adequate heating, lighting, food, supplements and a cage. All of these behaviors are potentially dangerous in a captive situation where the iguana may leap from a hand or drop to a hard floor and injure itself. Bacterial infection looks very similar to fungal infection, and swab testing is needed to confirm whether it’s bacteria or fungi. Preparing the Egging Box: Females dig burrows underground and excavate a small cavern in which they lay their eggs. Bacterial infection often make the skin more dry and crusty, and can feature flaking, peeling and bumps. With continued interest and research in iguanas, our understanding of viral infections will be enhanced. Paresis/Paralysis/Hind Leg Weakness: The most common cause is damage to the spinal cord secondary to collapse of one or more vertebrae secondary to metabolic bone disease. Two to three times a week, sprinkle the “salad” with a calcium supplement. You will know if your female iguana develops eggs (gravid): her abdomen will become large and lumpy, and she will also go off feed for a few weeks prior to egg laying. Females can be territorial as well and problems might arise. Signs of mites on your iguana include rubbing of the body against various objects (don’t confuse with shedding), spending more time soaking and itching. The box needs to be placed in a quiet warm area. The recommended photoperiod for iguanas is pretty simple: plug your heating lights and ultraviolet lights into a timer so that they turn on for about fourteen hours each day. Also, green iguanas also tend to get spots and stripes that are a normal part of new coloration. Calcium and Phosphorus: The food that you give your iguana, on average, should contain about twice as much calcium as phosphorus. Iguanas can grow to be six feet long (the tail is usually about twice to three times the length of the body), and weigh up to 15 pounds. With continued interest and research in iguanas, our understanding of viral infections will be enhanced. It usually accompanies disease. Please make sure to visit this page to find everything on iguana care. With green iguana morphs, such as red or blue, green color of the body also tend to go with age. Abdominal surgery is necessary to remove the stone. It will also get in iguana’s blood, weaken it and can even kill it. There should be three parts to your iguana’s bowel movement. Very gentle squeezing of the jaw will cause the jaw to flex inward indicating severe calcium deficiency. In most cases, it is not the best move to administer any systemic (to take in or injection) antibiotics for your iguana as they might cause the development of antibiotic resistant bacteria that can create issues the reptile and even owners. Systemic (medication taken in) is different from creams and soaking (topical medication). Start treatment for a fungal disease as soon as possible, otherwise it will spread. This action will sometimes stimulate iguanas to defecate. If your iguana’s activity level does not improve, further evaluation by a veterinarian is recommended. The soaked pellets can be crumbled over the salad. If you cut too far and the nail starts to bleed, the styptic powder should be packed onto the nail to stop the bleeding. In winter, during slower growth period, your iguana will be shedding less often. Multiple Iguanas: All iguanas have different personalities. If your iguana’s tail does break off, you may try to keep the area clean and dry. Finally, males develop a bulge behind their cloacal vent as they mature.