“Knowledge is shaped by the social world.” (Karl Mannheim.) It was Durkheim who was concerned with the rapid social change which was occurring. You can make this argument, but as Durkheim saw “function”, he was much more optimistic and may have argued that poverty was more a product of “anomie” than actually serving a function. At the bottom is individual actions- each action we performed is governed by specific norms or values, which come in ‘clusters’ called status roles; known as institutions. The demographic transition model describes how the population of a country changes over time. 0.0 / 5. This approach stresses the great importance of the family, as it is a basic building block of society. Different parts of the system need to be integrated together in order to pursue shared goals and the latency refers to processes that maintain society over time. It was Durkheim who was concerned with the rapid social change which was occurring. One functionalist, Parsons, calls this agreement value consensus- the glue that holds society together. Weakness: Feminists are critical of this approach because it assumes that gender roles are fixed, ignoring the changes that have taken place. They also agree that society ... the rich. 2 The importance of culture in structuring society is identified. These viewpoints lend themselves to promote the functionalist's ... ... management process approached and were immediately configured on the ERP system. It provides a very harmonious view of society and the family. Parsons also identified four needs of society. functionalist theory believes sport builds character What are the 3 main weaknesses of functionalist theory? This is further identified a weakness by the conflict perspective. This is therefore seen as a weakness of functionalism as society does have many inequalities which functionalism fails to acknowledge. This knowledge can then be used to achieve progress to a better society. Your Answer is very helpful for Us Thank you a lot! In this structure, the purpose of its elements like institutions, traditions, and norms are well addressed. Essay, 6 pages. For example, they see deviance as both dysfunctional and functional- and if deviance is both, then the theory cannot be disproved and is unscientific. This shared culture provides a framework allowing individuals to co operate by doing things such as defining their goals they should pursue and laying down rules about how they should behave. From these basic ideas, it is easy to build up a more detailed model of the social system and how it works, this is a strength of the functionalist approach. Individuals are socialised through different agencies of socialisation such as the family and the education system. Wrong says that individuals have no free will or choice; they are mere puppets whose string are pulled by society. This means that they see society as an organic analogy which means they … This perspective tends to ignore the conflict and exploitation stressed by Marxists. Overall, in conclusion, the functionalist approach has many strengths and weaknesses about the way in which society functions and the needs it requires. 5.0 / 5 based on 1 rating. This approach legitimates position of powerful groups who have most to lose from fundamental changes in society. It is assumed that individual members possess the knowledge needed to take care ... ... less likely to learn and perform it. Referring to the functionalist approach, this social change is seen as a weakness as Durkheim’s view of traditional society was that it was based on ‘mechanical solidarity’ based on little division of labour. It also looks at society in a macro scale and doesn't look at Or if you need this sample for free, we can send it to you via email. In this paper, I will argue that the Memory Theory of Personal Identity is the closest to the truth. At the bottom is individual actions- each action we performed is governed by specific norms or values, which come in ‘clusters’ called status roles; known as institutions. However, many people still have a desire to live in the kind of nuclear households outlined by Murdock and Parsons. This is further identified a weakness by the conflict perspective. For most, a theory is only scientific if in principle it is falsifiable by testing, however for functionalists this is not the case. You must cite our web site as your source. You can make this argument, but as Durkheim saw “function”, he was much more optimistic and may have argued that poverty was more a product of “anomie” than actually serving a function. The un-acknowledgment of these groups could leave sociologists lacking important information about the functions of society which may be seen as a weakness. However this view can be seen as a weakness, as it is somewhat ‘naïve’ to assume that there is consensus; it is unlikely within society we all essentially believe in and work for the same thing. One of the strengths of Functionalism is that it asserts that there are purposes for social conditions or facts. Opposite to this, in modern society, individuals are expected to pursue their own individual interests, achieving their status through their efforts in educations, attained through deferred gratification. Functionalism's view on the social stratification of our society is centered on their basic viewpoints. For most, a theory is only scientific if in principle it is falsifiable by testing, however for functionalists this is not the case. For example the family is an institution made up of mother, father and child. We have received your request for getting a sample. Jump the queue with a membership plan, get unlimited samples and plagiarism results – immediately! Functionalist theories believe that society is a fairly cut predictable structure with which scientific knowledge of how society functions can be gained. Analyse two factors outside schools that contribute to working class underachievement – 10 marks. Details on specific research regarding general strain theory, however, lie beyond the scope of this writing. Strengths and Weaknesses of the Functionalist View on Society, The whole doc is available only for registered users. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy, Categories Social science, Social Structure, Society, Strengths, Strengths And Weaknesses.