I rea|dily grant, that these Opinions are false and absurd. But the pravity of Mankind being such, that they had rather injuriously prey upon the Fruits of o|ther Mens Labou•s, than take pains to provi•e for themselves; the n•c•ssity of 〈◊〉 Men in the Possession of what hone•t indu•try 〈◊〉 al|ready If any man err from the right way, it is his own Misfortune, no Injury to thee: Nor therefore art thou to punish him in the things of this Life, because thou supposest he will be miserable in that which is to come. Let us trace this matter to the bottom. He did not unwilling|ly submit, to shew his Obedience; But he sought and sollicited for it, as a Privilege; And as soon as he was admitted, he became subject to the Laws of the Commonwealth; by which all Idolatry was forbidden within the Borders of the Land of Canaan. Page  22These things being thus determined, let us in|quire in the next place, how far the Duty of To|leration extends; and what is required from e|very one by it. A sweet Religion indeed, that obliges men to dissemble, and tell Lyes both to God and Man, for the Salvation of their Souls! No body pretends that every thing generally, enjoyned by the Law of Moses, ought to be practised by Christians. by the accession of any new members, acquire any right of jurisdiction Page  71 Nevertheless, it is worthy to be observed, and lamented, that the most violent of these Defen|ders of the Truth, the Opposers of Errors, the Exclaimers against Schism, do hardly ever let loose this their Zeal for God, with which they are so warmed and inflamed, unless where they have the Civil Magistrate on their side. That Dominion is founded in Grace, is also an Assertion by which those that maintain it do plainly lay claim to the possession of all things. And that Light can in no manner pro|ceed from corporal Sufferings, or any other out|ward Penalties. the notion of a Deity, men would owe their eternal happiness or misery to At length the Magistrate be|comes a Christian, and by that means their Party becomes the most powerful. punished for Idolatry; though all of them were certainly guilty of it. seeing no man does willingly suffer himself to be punished by the Page  53 Men therefore constituted in this liberty are to enter into some Religious Society; that they may meet together, not only for mutual Edifi|cation, but to own to the World that they wor|ship God, and offer unto his divine Majesty such service as they themselves are not ashamed of, and such as they think not unworthy of him, nor unacceptable to him; and finally that by the purity of Doctrine, Holin•ss of Life, and decent Form of Worship, they may d•aw others unto the love of the true Religion; and perform such other things in Religion as cannot be done by each priva•e Man apart. Next, Pray observe how great have always been the Divisions amongst even those who lay so much stress upon the Divine Institution, and con|tinued Succession of a certain Order of Rulers in the Church. The by his own Judgment, or by the Ecclesiastical Authority and Advice of others. All the life and power of true religion But further: Things never so indifferent in their own nature, when th•y are brought into the Church and Worship of God, are removed out of the reach of the Magistrate's Jurisdiction; because in that use they have no connexion at all with Civil Affairs. Page  35 And the commonwealth, which em|braces indifferently all men that are honest, peace|able, and industrious, requires it not. cut off. Page  32 destitute of all compulsive power? friendship are always mutually to be observed by particular churches, in I answer, God alone. It seems that you're in USA. What difference is there between a Dog and a Goat, in respect of the Divine Nature, equally and infinicely distant from all Affinity with Matter; unless it be that God required the use of the one in his Worship, and not of the other? For if afterwards he dis|cover any thing either erroneous in the Doctrine or incongruous in the Worship of that Society to which he has join'd himself; Why should it by the same tenure he does his lands, than which nothing can be imagined Thank you for your feedback which will help us improve our service. The Obligation of Penal Laws (25 February 1676). But of this enough has been said already. In the first place, Let them shew me the Edict by which Christ has im|posed that Law upon his Church. From An Essay Concerning Human Understanding (1689) From The Reasonableness of Christianity (1695) Appendix B: Locke’s Contemporaries on Religious Toleration. Understandings? All men know and acknowledge that God ought to be publickly worshiped. Locke, John, 1689. These Religi•us Socie•ies I call Churches, and t•es• I say the Magistrate •ugh• to tol•ra•e. It may indeed be alledged, that the Magistrate may make use of Arguments, and thereby draw the Heterodox into the way of Truth, and pro|cure their Salvation. The boundaries on both sides are fixed and religion, I understand also of particular churches which stand, as it Scriptures for Toleration (undated, ca. Government. FXo�؆U��Wz�R�=�B6��uK$� consider with themselves how pernicious a seed of discord and war, how more absurd. joining themselves together of their own accord in order to the public But to give Laws, receive Obedience, and compel with the Sword, belongs to none but the Magi|strate. And therefore peace, equity, and Now that the whole Jurisdiction of the Ma|gistrate reaches only to these civil Concernments▪ and that all Civil Power, Right, and Dominion, is bounded and confined to the only care of pro|moting these things; and that it neither can nor ought in any manner to be extended to the Nay, those that are averse to the Religion of the Magistrate, will think themselves so much the more bound to maintain the Peace of the Commonwealth, as their Con|dition is better in that Place than elsewhere; And all the several separate Congregations, like so many Guardians of the publick Peace, will watch one another, that nothing may be innovated or changed in the Form of the Government: Be|cause they can hope for nothing better than what they already enjoy; that is, an equal Condition with their Fellow-Subjects, under a just and mode|rate Government. Page  62 The Inhabitants were also to be driven out, that the entire possession of the Land might be given to the Israelites. Is it lawful for any man in his own House, to kneel, stand, sit, or use any other Posture; an• to cloath himself in White or Black, in short or in long Garments? with Fire and Sword the Members of their own Communion that are tainted with enormous Vices, and without Amendment are in danger of eternal Perdition; and when I shall see them thus express their Love and Desire of the Salvation of their Souls, by the infliction of Torments, and exercise of all manner of Cruelties. . an Israelite, that was an Idolater, should be put to death, Strangers should not be vexed nor oppressed, What if the Magistrate should enjoyn any thing by his Authority that appears unlawful to the Conscience of a private Person, But what if the Magistrate believe such a Law as this to be for the publick Good, But what if the Magistrate believe that he has a Right to make such Laws, and that they are for the publick Good; and his. enjoyments because he is of another church or religion. Or, to make these Subjects rich, shall they all be obliged by Law to be|come Merchants, or Musicians? All Discipline ought therefore to tend to that End, and all Ecclesiastical Laws to be thereunto confined.