Tamarind heartwood is reddish brown, sometimes with a purplish hue. The wood makes excellent charcoal which is valued for producing gunpowder. A., Pushpakumara, D. K. N. G., Ramana, K. V. R., Vijayanand, P., Williams, J. T., 2006. This soft, succulent pulp is used as an item of confectionery and an ingredient in curries, chutneys, preserves, pickles, sherbets and beverages. Harlow and New York, USA; UK: Longman Science and Technology, 204-206. Tamarindus indica is probably indigenous to tropical Africa,[10] but has been cultivated for so long on the Indian subcontinent that it is sometimes reported to be indigenous there. Tropical fruits, Volume 2., Tropical fruits, Volume 2:ix + 371 pp. Tamarind turns, glues, and finishes well. The sticky pulp, which tastes both sweet and sour, contains the richest natural source of tartaric acid (8-10%). [14], The evergreen leaves are alternately arranged and pinnately lobed. They usually grow on saline soils, tolerating up to 15,000 ppm soluble salt, and can also tolerate alkaline conditions. The rachis is 7–15 cm long with six to 20 pairs of opposite leaflets. Tamarind timber consists of hard, dark red heartwood and softer, yellowish sapwood. [14], The fruit is harvested by pulling the pod from its stalk. They are able to limit competition from other plants by taking up salt from deep ground water, accumulating it in their foliage, and from there depositing it in the surface soil where it builds up concentrations temporarily detrimental to some plants. The oil is usually bleached after refining. Insect Environment, 8(2):67-69. [8][11] It is widely distributed throughout the tropics, from Africa to South Asia, northern Australia, and throughout Oceania, Southeast Asia, Taiwan and China. It can be straight, irregularly curved or sometimes curved in a horseshoe shape. [8], Throughout South Asia and the tropical world, tamarind trees are used as ornamental, garden, and cash crop plantings. Approximately 75% fruit set can be obtained in controlled cross-pollination studies. Tamarind tree in Spanish is known as tamarindo and Royal Poinciana in Spanish is known as malinche. New Delhi, India: Oxford and IBH. [17] The fruit exhibits laxative effects due to its high quantities of malic acid, tartaric acid, and potassium bitartrate. In some countries, such as Sri Lanka and India, two flowering periods have been reported. The fatty acid composition of the oil is linoleic 46.5%, oleic 27.2%, The fruit pulp is edible. It develops over time, according to use, look and lore. Sankaranarayanan R, Vijayakumar M, Rangasamy P, 1994. It is a tree of tropical climatic areas, tolerating temperatures up to 47°C. While in the same taxonomic family Fabaceae, Manila tamarind is a different plant native to Mexico and known locally as guamúchili. Tamarind paste has many culinary uses including a flavoring for chutnies, curries, and the traditional sharbat syrup drink. SCIENTIFIC NAME OF HERCULES BEETLE – In this topic, we are going to know and identify the binomial or scientific name of Hercules beetle. The flowers are used internally as remedy for jaundice. [27] It is cultivated all over India, especially in Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, Karnataka, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, and Tamil Nadu. The name tamarind is derived from the Arabic tamar-u‘l-Hind because of the resemblance of the fruit pulp to dried dates. Thailand has the largest plantations of the ASEAN nations, followed by Indonesia, Myanmar, and the Philippines. It reached South Asia likely through human transportation and cultivation several thousand years ago. In Arabia, it is found growing wild in Oman, especially Dhofar, where it grows on the sea-facing slopes of mountains. Each flower can produce thousands of tiny (1 mm; 1/20" diameter) seeds that are contained in a small capsule usually adorned with a tuft of hair that aids in wind dispersal. [26] Isolation of the kernel without the thin but tough shell (or testa) is difficult. The flowers and leaves are also used in curries, salads and soups, e.g.