... Effect of molten sodium nitrate on the decomposition pathways of hydrated magnesium hydroxycarbonate to magnesium oxide probed by in situ total scattering. (2005) "Lithium and Lithium Compounds" in, http://barbequelovers.com/grills/a-solar-grill-prototype-for-a-greener-tomorrow, "Synthesis database: Lithium nitrate synthesis", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lithium_nitrate&oldid=960890753, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from December 2017, Articles with incomplete citations from December 2017, Chemical articles with multiple compound IDs, Multiple chemicals in an infobox that need indexing, Articles with changed ChemSpider identifier, Pages using collapsible list with both background and text-align in titlestyle, Articles containing unverified chemical infoboxes, Articles with dead external links from January 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 June 2020, at 13:21. [7] Copyright © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. The hydrated form, lithium nitrate trihydrate, has an extremely high specific heat of fusion, 287 (± 7) J/g,[3] and hence can be used for thermal energy storage at its melt temperature of 303.3 K.[4], Lithium Nitrate has been proposed as a medium to store heat collected from the sun for cooking. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tca.2009.10.016. Catalysts prepared using LiNO3 are found to be more active than those prepared using LiOH. N 2 gas was produced due to the decomposition of lithium nitrate (LiNO 3) in the electrolyte, an additive which was widely used to suppress the PS redox shuttle. Lithium nitrate is a colorless solid, soluble in water. The decomposition of lithium nitrate can give either lithium oxide or peroxide and the corresponding nitrogen oxides. A Fresnel lens would be used to melt solid lithium nitrate, which would then function as a 'solar battery', allowing heat to be redistributed later by convection.[5]. Lithium Nitrate is a highly water soluble crystalline Lithium source for uses compatible with nitrates and lower (acidic) pH. When exposed to the skin, eyes, and mucous membranes, lithium nitrate can cause irritation to these areas. It is made by treating lithium carbonate or lithium hydroxide with nitric acid. It is the lithium salt of nitric acid (an alkali metal nitrate). Lithium nitrate can be synthesized by reacting nitric acid and lithium carbonate. The catalytic performance was also studied with a NO/O2 mixture in the feed, demonstrating that NO increases the combustion rate of soot, probably as a consequence of lithium oxide forming an “in situ” nitrate ion. Thermal decomposition of supported lithium nitrate catalysts. The hydrated form, lithium nitrate trihydrate, has an extremely high specific heat of fusion, 287 (± 7) J/g, and hence can be used for thermal energy storage at its melt temperature of 303.3 K. Availability. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. Generally when forming LiNO3, a pH indicator is used to determine when all of the acid has been neutralized. Its eutectics are of interest for heat transfer fluids.[2]. For lithium nitrate, the decomposition process starts at 475 C and will be completed at 650 C [21]. Lithium nitrate is an inorganic compound with the formula LiNO3. The salt is deliquescent, absorbing water to form the hydrated form, lithium nitrate trihydrate. [6] In order to rid the final product of excess water, the sample is heated. The soot combustion rate using this series of catalysts (LiNO3/support) was compared with the activity of a series of impregnated catalysts prepared using LiOH (Li2O/supports). Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors.