John Alasdair Macdonald, a tour guide in the Scottish Highlands, caught the meteor on film, on the west shore of Loch Ness. But hormone-fuelled fads are not the worst that can happen when it comes to inter-species sex. Non-penetrative genital stimulation is very common throughout the animal kingdom. Affectionate behaviors do not include penetration or genital rubbing, but are still seen as a manner of sexual behavior. Many studies have concentrated on the brain reward system and how similar it is across mammals. Are you sure you want to mark this comment as inappropriate? Researchers stated that after primates participated in a heated, physical fight; both primates involved in the fight would hug and have a mouth-to-mouth kiss. Non-reproductive sexual behavior consists of sexual activities animals participate in that do not lead to the reproduction of the species. The art of self-pleasure has been observed in males from about 80 species from ape to monkey to lemur, making it one of the most common and widespread primate sexual behaviors. When you move from sea to dry land and air, things become slightly less grim and, in general, more fruitful. Castration does not prevent masturbation, as it is observed in geldings. ... Blumenbach observed a bear act somewhat similarly on seeing other bears coupling, and hyenas, according to Ploss and Bartels, have been seen practicing mutual masturbation by licking each other's genitals. Although easily confused by laypeople, autofellatio and oral sex are separate, sexually oriented behaviors, distinct from non-sexual grooming or the investigation of scents. Through extensive research, scientists have been able to conclude that the brain reward system in animals is extremely similar to that of humans. It is fairly uncommon among different species for unrelated individuals of the same sex to raise offspring together, but female-female pairings in Laysan albatross populations are one of the exceptions.  Primates also engage in kissing that is incredibly similar to human display of kissing. These bonds made between females are for protection against male bonobos. Japanese macaques have in the past been known to ride along on deer. ", To turn the approach on its head: No species has been found in which homosexual behaviour has not been shown to exist, with the exception of species that never have sex at all, such as sea urchins and aphis. In the procedure both a human and a rat had their receptors blocked with a certain drug. Male stoats (Mustela erminea) will sometimes mate with infant females of their species. The mother did not intervene. , Male-male copulation has been observed in captive penguins and homosexual behaviour has been observed among bats, in particular, the fruit bat. , Sexual interaction has also been witnessed in female bonobos to avoid aggression. " The case study earned Moeliker an Ig Nobel Prize in biology, awarded for research that cannot or should not be reproduced. Studies of the brain have proven that pleasure and displeasure are an important component in the lives of animals. Similar to humans, non-human animals also have a sensory system. They were both killed instantly," Andy Katz, who spotted the clash, wrote, failing to mention that the two had previously been embroiled in a chase through the streets that saw 15 cars and two trucks wrecked and a shoot-out in a nearby park, This stunning image of a shooting star is what award-winning photographs are made of – but the man behind the lens said capturing the sight was an "absolute fluke". Neurophysiologists have not found any fundamental difference between the structure and function of neurons and synapse between humans and other animals. The existing Open Comments threads will continue to exist for those who do not subscribe to Independent Premium. You can find our Community Guidelines in full here. The whole footage is disturbing and eerily surreal. Due to the sheer scale of this comment community, we are not able to give each post the same level of attention, but we have preserved this area in the interests of open debate. Engaging in homosexual behavior may allow species to obtain benefits such as gaining practice, relieving tension, and experiencing pleasure. The most insightful comments on all subjects will be published daily in dedicated articles. Here, "misdirected mating" is typically the result of strong similarities between the species, which just end up mating and having children. Once winning in a competition, all current males in the pride will be kicked out and left to find another pride. They prefer communal nesting (because of the thermoregulatory benefits), and therefore, in the winter and spring female meadow voles will commonly not only nest with another female, but nurse their offspring together as well. , It appears to be common in the Adélie penguin. It seems to infuse everything from simple expressions of affection to the establishment of dominance. Mr Macdonald had taken his camera outside to capture some photographs of the stars on what he described as a "beautiful night". It allows our most engaged readers to debate the big issues, share their own experiences, discuss real-world solutions, and more. Engagements of sexual activities during non-breeding seasons have been observed in the animal kingdom. Having created this bond with the male, they will share food with each other and not compete with each other. When they engage in these actions with other species it's like if they're saying 'I'm in charge, I'm dominant over you,'" Staniland said.