Derbyshire is known to have contained 1,919 separate taxa of vascular plants (including species, hybrids and micro-species) since modern recording began,[3]:409 of which 1,133 are known to be either native or archaeophyte, the remainder being non-native species. [61], The county's population grew by 3.0% from 1991 to 2001 which is around 21,100 people. The next highest-placed team is Chesterfield, who participate in the National League, the fifth tier of English football. The blue field represents the many waters of the county, its rivers and reservoirs, while the cross is green to mark the great areas of countryside. The moorland catchment area around these is part of the Peak District National Park and is extensively used for leisure pursuits such as walking and cycling. [60] This was estimated to have risen to 990,400 in 2006. become locally extinct) since modern plant recording began in the 17th century. A substantial portion of the Peak District National Park lies within Derbyshire, containing the southern extremity of the Pennine range of hills which extend into the north of the county. Derbyshire is rich in natural mineral resources such as lead, iron, coal, and limestone, which have been exploited over a long period—lead, for example, has been mined since Roman times. Read the latest edition of Derbyshire Now. [8], Further occupation came with the Upper Paleolithic and Neolithic periods of the Stone Age when Mesolithic hunter-gatherers roamed the hilly tundra. Safer Derbyshire and its partners are committed to protecting our local communities and keeping them safe. The table below shows all towns with over 10,000 inhabitants. Ravens Tor at Millers Dale), as well as subsequent dolerite sill intrusion at a much later stage (e.g.near Tideswell Dale),[22] whilst mineralisation of the carboniferous limestone in a subsequent period created extensive lead and fluorite deposits which have formed a significant part of Derbyshire's economy, as did coal mining. In that novel, Chatsworth House in Derbyshire is named as one of the estates Elizabeth Bennet visits before arriving at Pemberley. [12], During the Roman invasion the invaders were attracted to Derbyshire because of the lead ore in the limestone hills of the area. It is not until the Bronze Age that real signs of agriculture and settlement are found in the county. Figure is for Heanor and Loscoe civil parish, which includes, Figure is for Old Bolsover civil parish, which includes, Figure is for Eckington civil parish, which includes, Nottinghamshire, Derbyshire & Yorkshire Coalfield, This page was last edited on 25 November 2020, at 00:33. The 1987 film The Princess Bride by Rob Reiner, starring Robin Wright and Cary Elwes, was partly filmed in Derbyshire. The independent sector includes Repton School, Ockbrook School, Trent College and The Elms School. Cemented screes and tufa deposits occur very rarely in the limestone dales and rivers, whilst cave systems have been created naturally in the limestone since Pleistocene times. In 1801 the population was 147,481[58][59] According to the UK Census 2001 there were 956,301 people spread out over the county's 254,615 hectares. Sitting at the perfect height for kitchen islands, breakfast bars, and pub tables, bar stools have a leg up on other seating options. All these rock layers disappear south of a line drawn between Ashbourne and Derby under layers of clays and sandstones (Mercia Mudstone Group and Sherwood Sandstones) of Permo-Triassic age. Other Derbyshire locations in which British TV scenes have been filmed include:[65], ceremonial county in East Midlands, England, This article is about the county in England. The best of modern, priced for real life. The non-metropolitan county contains 30 towns with between 10,000 and 100,000 inhabitants. [3]:6 The dales of the White Peak are known for habitats such as calcareous grassland, ash woodlands and rock outcrops in all of which a much greater richness of lime-loving species occurs than elsewhere in the county. [3]:418 The current area of the geographic/ceremonial county of Derbyshire is only 4.7 square kilometres less than it was over 100 years ago.[3]:1[3]:20. We work in partnership with our communities to ensure our services meet their environment, education, social, family, leisure, transport and economic needs and expectations. Lead mining has been important here since Roman Times. Small amounts of carboniferous limestones, gritstones and coal measures reappear in the far south of Derbyshire from Ticknall (limestone) to Swadlincote (coal measures). [32][33], Botanical recording in the UK predominantly uses the unchanging vice-county boundary system, which results in a slightly different map of Derbyshire from the modern geographic county. Sir Walter Scott's 1823 novel Peveril of the Peak is partly set in Derbyshire.