Governance, social development, conflict and humanitarian knowledge services. Smock, D.) Washington DC, USA: US Institute of Peace. We use cookies to remember settings and choices, and to count visitor numbers and usage trends. It helps convince the poor to accept their lot in life, and it leads to hostility and violence motivated by religious differences. It examines the role that religion plays in our daily lives and the ways in which we interpret religious experiences. While functional and conflict theories look at the macro aspects of religion and society, symbolic interactionism looks at the micro aspects. Getting Religion? Silvestri, S. (2016). Send us feedback on this reading pack. However these elites can often have vested personal interests and be driven by a search for power and such a focus neglects the ideas, voices, and practices of minorities and those competing, less powerful actors involved in non-organised and non-hegemonic groups. The role of religion in conflict and peacebuilding. The paper also elaborates on the theory of ‘outbidding’, whereby elites attempt to outbid each other to enhance their religious credentials. 30. (2006). The, group of Pilgrims traveling to Canterbury to visit the shrine of Saint Thomas Becket at the Canterbury Cathedral. Reading 1: Cavanaugh, W T. (2004). People become complacent because they have been taught to believe in an afterlife in which they will be rewarded for their suffering and misery in this life. This violence serves to demonise (or privilege) of specific religious communities and can, in turn, trigger further grievances and violence. These cookies do not identify you personally. This tale, Running Head: MANAGING RELIGIOUS CONFLICT With ‘the social-conflict approach,’ Karl Marx argues that religion plays a significant role in maintaining the status quo. Its premise is simple. Gundy-Volf, J. Symbolic interactionists study the ways in which people practice their faith and interact in houses of worship and other religious settings, and they study how and why religious faith and practice have positive consequences for individual psychological and physical well-being. Conflict theory for religion is a natural outgrowth of the conflicts that naturally exist in cultures. Governments and international organisations are increasingly willing to examine religion and incorporate it, to some degree, when addressing emerging challenges across a number of domestic and international policy areas. Religion is also often being blamed as a Reading 4: Philpott, D. and Cox, B. Of course, these actors should not be ignored. This perspective focuses on the ways in which individuals interpret their religious experiences. Terms of Use Understanding Conflict Theory . 2002). This short chapter from the same publication above takes the case of Kashmir to highlight the advantages of including religion in track two diplomacy. as serving positive functions in society. In other words, for each social resource, there is a potential for conflict. Conflict Perspectives on Religion Sociology Homework & Assignment Help, Conflict Perspectives on Religion Although many functionalists view religion. Religion is largely an attempt to add structure and understanding to the universe, and as such will seek to explain the noticeable inequalities that exist in human culture. This was one of Durkheim’s most important insights. Once they are regarded as sacred, they take on special significance and give meaning to people’s lives. Karl Marx: Selected writings in sociology and social philosophy (T. B. Bottomore, Trans.). Sociological perspectives on religion aim to understand the functions religion serves, the inequality and other problems it can reinforce and perpetuate, and the role it plays in our daily lives (Emerson, Monahan, & Mirola, 2011). Conflict theory … Marx viewed religion as a tool of social control used by the bourgeoisie to keep the proletariat content with an unequal status quo. These ideologies serve to justify the status quo and retard social change. Only then would this class of people be able to rise up against the bourgeoisie and gain control of the means of production, and only then would they achieve real rewards, in this life. The Prioress tale starts off with a prologue.The Prologue is about the Prioress (Madame Eglentyne) praying to the Virgin Mary. (2008). Religion is an agent of social control and thus strengthens social order. For this reason, Marx wrote his nowfamous statement that religion is the "opiate of the masses." While the paper acknowledges the role religious belief and practices have played in particular conflicts, it encourages more critical engagement with facts and theories. Reading 3: Smock, D. (2006). GSDRC Professional Development Reading Pack no. //