NIV Reverse Interlinear Bible: English to Hebrew and English to Greek. Some people came and asked Jesus, “How is it that John’s disciples and the disciples of the Pharisees are fasting, but yours are not?” Why do the Pharisees and the disciples of John fast? How Christ defended them in what they did. Rev., correctly, were fasting. used to fast. Thus apt are strict professors to make their own practice a standard, and to censure and condemn all that do not fully come up to it. I. That these were easy days with them, and fasting was not so seasonable now as it would be hereafter, Mark 2:19, 20. 22 And no one pours new wine into old wineskins. (3) The superstitious and hypocrites rashly put the sum of godliness in matters which do no matter, and are reprehended for three reasons. See Gill on Matthew 9:14. 14:17. II. 2. Two things Christ pleads in excuse of his disciples not fasting. New International Version (NIV), Matthew Henry's Commentary – Verses 18–28. Now he that intended the sabbath-rest for the repose of our bodies, certainly never intended it should restrain us, in a case of necessity, from fetching in the necessary supports of the body; it must be construed so as not to contradict itself—for edification, and not for destruction. And John’s disciples and the Pharisees were fasting. 18 Now John’s disciples and the Pharisees were fasting. And when they could not come nigh unto him for the press--or, as in Luke ( Luke 5:19 ), "when they … What a poor breakfast Christ’s disciples had on a sabbath-day morning, when they were going to church (Mark 2:23); they plucked the ears of corn, and that was the best they had. Mark 2:18. (B) Some people came and asked Jesus, “How is it that John’s disciples and the disciples of the Pharisees are fasting, but yours are not?”. Observe, 1. By argument. Otherwise, the wine will burst the skins, and both the wine and the wineskins will be ruined. They come. And again He entered Capernaum after some days, and it was heard that He was in the house.Immediately many gathered together, so that there was no longer room to receive them, not even near the door.And He preached the word to them. To reconcile them to the disciples’ plucking the ears of corn, let them consider. They used to fast, the Pharisees fasted twice in the week (Luke 18:12), and probably the disciples of John did so too; and, it should seem, this very day, when Christ and his disciples were feasting in Levi’s house, was their fast-day, for the word is nesteuousi—they do fast, or are fasting, which aggravated the offence. The form of the question in Matthew and Luke indicates the habits of these classes. They cannot, so long as they have him with them. In this instance, as in that before, they reflect upon the discipline of Christ’s school, as if it were not so strict as that of theirs: so common it is for those who deny the power of godliness, to be jealous for the form, and censorious of those who affect not their form. By example. 3. Mark 2:18-22. Otherwise, the new piece will pull away from the old, making the tear worse. He had some regard to our bodies in the institution, that they might rest, and not be tired out with the constant business of this world (Deut. Note, If Christ’s disciples do that which is unlawful, Christ will be reflected upon, and upbraided with it, as he was here, and dishonour will redound to his name. First, God never designed it to be an imposition upon us, and therefore we must not make it so to ourselves. And the disciples of John. (1-4) Jesus teaches and is interrupted. This argument he largely insists upon in his own justification, when he was charged with having broken the sabbath, John 5:16. Whom the sabbath was made for (Mark 2:27); it was made for man, and not man for the sabbath. 21 “No one sews a patch of unshrunk cloth on an old garment. That these were early days with them, and they were not so able for the severe exercises of religion as hereafter they would be. Man was not made for the sabbath, for he was made a day before the sabbath was instituted. They were so intent upon spiritual dainties, that they forgot even their necessary food; and the word of Christ was to them instead of that; and their zeal for it even ate them up. This, it is said, David did in the days of Abiathar the High-Priest; or just before the days of Abiathar, who immediately succeeded Abimelech his father in the pontificate, and, it is probable, was at that time his father’s deputy, or assistant, in the office; and he it was that escaped the massacre, and brought the ephod to David. The sabbath is a sacred and divine institution; but we must receive and embrace it as a privilege and a benefit, not as a task and a drudgery. 1:10), the Lord Christ’s day; and the Son of man, Christ, as Mediator, is always to be looked upon as Lord of the sabbath. 1. They invidiously suggest that if Christ went among sinners to do them good, as he had pleaded, yet the disciples went to indulge their appetites, for they never knew what it was to fast, or to deny themselves. Mark 2:18 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Mark 2:18, NIV: "Now John's disciples and the Pharisees were fasting.Some people came and asked Jesus, 'How is it that John's disciples and the disciples of the Pharisees are fasting, but yours are not?'" The Pharisees had long accustomed themselves to such austerities; and John Baptist himself came neither eating nor drinking. Verses 18–28 Christ had been put to justify himself in conversing with publicans and sinners: here he is put to justify his disciples; and in what they do according to his will he will justify them, and bear … But of this see the notes on Matthew 9:14-17, where the whole passage occurs. Hence the use of the participle with the finite verb. 1. “How can the guests of the bridegroom fast while he is with them? Secondly, God did design it to be an advantage to us, and so we must make it, and improve it. His disciples from the first inured themselves to hardships, and thus found it easier to bear strict and frequent fasting, but it was not so with Christ’s disciples; their Master came eating and drinking, and had not bred them up to the difficult services of religion as yet, for it was all in good time. 2. He had much more regard to our souls. Copyright © 2019 by Zondervan. Christ and his disciples were but newly married, the bridegroom was yet with them, the nuptials were yet in the celebrating (Matthew’s particularly); when the bridegroom should be removed from them to the far country, about his business, then would be a proper time to sit as a widow, in solitude and fasting. It is observable, that when the Pharisees thought Christ did amiss, they told the disciples (Mark 2:16); and now when they thought the disciples did amiss, they spoke to Christ, as make-bates, that did what they could to sow discord between Christ and his disciples, and make a breach in the family. Mark 2:18-28 New International Version (NIV) Jesus Questioned About Fasting 18 Now John’s disciples and the Pharisees were fasting. If the sabbath was made for man, we should then ask ourselves at night, “What am I the better for this sabbath day?” (3.) “You have read that David, the man after God’s own heart, when he was hungry, made no difficulty of eating the show-bread, which by the law none might eat of but the priests and their families.” Note, Ritual observances must give way to moral obligations; and that may be done in a case of necessity, which otherwise may not be done. Note, Ill-will always suspects the worst. Many contract an antipathy to some kind of food, otherwise good, by being surfeited with it when they are young; so, many entertain prejudices against the exercises of devotion by being burthened with them, and made to serve with an offering, at their setting out. "And straightway many were gathered together, insomuch that there was no room to receive [them], … . 5:14); that thy man-servant and thy maid-servant may rest. Note, Many of our mistakes would be rectified, and our unjust censures of others corrected, if we would but recollect what we have read in the scripture; appeals to that are most convincing. [2.] Read as Rev., John's disciples and the Pharisees. And the disciples of John and of the Pharisees used to fast: and they come and say to him, Why do the disciples of John and of the Pharisees fast, but your disciples fast not? First, by not considering what every man's strength is able to bear, they rashly make all sorts of laws concerning such things, without any discretion. Weak Christians must take heed of over-tasking themselves, and of making the yoke of Christ otherwise than as it is, easy, and sweet, and pleasant. The disciples of John and of the Pharisees used to fast — The evangelist here relates another occurrence, which happened while Jesus was in Levi’s house, and bore some resemblance to the former. (2.) This we had not in Matthew. Mark 2 – Controversy with Religious Leaders A. No, they pour new wine into new wineskins.”, 23 One Sabbath Jesus was going through the grainfields, and as his disciples walked along, they began to pick some heads of grain. Man was made for God, and for his honour and service, and he just rather die than deny him; but he was not made for the sabbath, so as to be tied up by the law of it, from that which is necessary to the support of his life. See here, (1.) They had a good precedent for it in David’s eating the show-bread, when he was hungry, and there was no other bread to be had (Mark 2:25, 26); Have ye never read?