This article argues for shifts in focus in the study of citizenship from states, institutions and the national scale to cultural practices in civil society at multiple scales in order to discern and theorize emergent citizenship practices under conditions of ‘empire’. response to alternative markets such as fair trade. Copyright (C) The Author(s). This article examines one effort to lift the veil obscuring the relations and processes of commodity production. This deepened the livelihood crisis for millions of coffee farmers and rural communities. Under conditions of neoliberal globalization, structural adjustment and the war on terror, the progressive expansion of modern citizenship, both in its substance and geographic reach, is increasingly in question. While theorists of global civil society champion the rise of non-state actors and their role in changing global systems, Canadian foreign policy scholarship regularly minimizes the role of civil society in influencing the international activities of the Canadian state. The bond markets must be satisfied or capital will go elsewhere. The ramifications of this power shift will be seismic. Recent research reveals strong effects of involvement in international organizations on state policies, but much of this research downplays inequality in world political participation, and there is only a limited understanding of what explains world-polity ties. While some scholars argue that GSMs contribute to democracy in the global arena, others insist GSMs have their own representational shortcomings. In this paper, we examine changes in the agrifood system made possible by the WTO and we assess the rise of global private standards. Since the mid-1900s they have functioned as central institutions in democratic societies, an expression of public political responsiveness and journalism authority. How does extant theory extend to sectors such as sex work, cigarettes, and recreational drugs? I use social movement theory and discourse analysis to discuss, We create alternative measures of political instability, which capture only movements from dictatorship to democracy and vice versa and, unlike older, well-known measures, does not capture government changes that preserve the democratic or dictatorial structure of the country. Four types of internationalized policy environments are then identified and their implications for policy communities and policy networks are assessed. With that point established, this project will make a further study of how the coca economy simultaneously threatens to undermine the progress it has made in these areas as progress is made toward the international goal of bringing the drug trade to an end in Bolivia. It should be possible to define global governance in a way that gives greater direction to the research enterprise without abandoning concern for or sacrificing access to an expanding universe of actors, issues, and activ Based on extensive participant observation at the WSF, this article analyses the 'open space' of the WSF as a 'contact zone' that, in different facets of this complex praxis, is both cosmopolitan and colonial. 3.Economy in Institutional Context. Learn more. Contents BOLI JOHN THOMAS GEORGE M. Part One: 1. 6.Religion. Some authors praise the emergence of a global transnational civil society Yet, popular demands for democratization, rights and participation are exploding worldwide. Bennett, E. (2012) Fair trade: Institutions and balance of power, in J. Dine & B. Granville (eds) The Processes and Practices of Fair Trade: Trust, Ethics and Governance (London: Routledge), pp. These five arenas are: civil society, political society, rule of law, the state, Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. of nonstate actors’ (Reinicke, 1998, 219). The article concludes with a discussion of what representational deficiencies in GSMs may mean for global governance. Amid fears of terrorism, rising tides of xenophobia, and protests, John Keane explores the contradictory arguments and traces the historical origins, contemporary meanings and political potential of globalization. Obra que reconstruye el origen y evolución de las actuales redes transnacionales que, con la utilización de las nuevas tecnologías informativas como recurso organizador y aglutinador, han logrado constituirse en movimientos más o menos presionadores en la defensa de los derechos humanos, de la protección ambiental y de una mayor equidad de género, entre otros. A first generation of global governance research made visible an increasingly complex and globalising reality beyond the interstate domain. Global governance is widely viewed as in crisis. In the wake of a worldwide crisis in which coffee prices have fallen to levels that do not support small-scale production, non-profit Fair Trade certifying and labeling organizations are working to develop a market situation that is sustainable for workers and the environment. BERKOVITCH NITZA 5. Group organization is argued to be the major determinant of mobilization potential and patterns. and contrasting their governance structures, environmental and social standards, and market positions. Since 2001 the WSF has brought together hundreds of thousands of activists from all parts of the world. This article examines the development of and contestation over the standards for certified fair trade, with particular attention A varied second generation of scholarship, spanning diverse subfields, has built upon this ‘signpost scholarship’ to generate insight into efforts to manage, bypass and even – potentially – transcend multilateral gridlock to address pressing transboundary problems. explores the controversies generated by the strategy of market mainstreaming in the sector, and focuses on five key issues The end of the Cold War and globalization processes have led to renewed interest in the study of transnational relations and Although the demands of the Zapatista Army of National Liberation are framed in terms of democratization, we should not assume that these demands can be contained within the individualist parameters of liberal political philosophy. GLOBAL AIM will mobilize community members and key stakeholders such as local, religious and traditional leaders, local government actors and civil society organizations, organizing community dialogues to increase awareness and understanding of peace … This article comparatively assesses these multistakeholder systems of codes of conduct and monitoring, discusses their underlying models of regulation, and proposes a set of criteria for evaluating their effectiveness, including their legitimacy, rigor, accountability, and complementarity.