Am J Infect Control. Infect. Kim MK, Kang N, Ko SJ, Park J, Park E, Shin DW, Kim SH, Lee SA, Lee JI, Lee SH, Ha EG, Jeon SH, Park Y. Int J Mol Sci. J Clin Microbiol. 37, 2024–2026. Like many pathogens common in health care settings, Acinetobacter baumannii has developed resistance to antibiotics and can be difficult to treat and prevent its spread. Table 1. The gut bacteria of insects: nonpathogenic interactions. The initial model, therefore, included variables presenting a p-value < 0.2. This site needs JavaScript to work properly. Parasit Vectors. Reisner, B. S., and Woods, G. L. (1999). Methods: 2010 Apr;11(5):779-88. doi: 10.1517/14656561003596350. Janet had never heard of Acinetobacter baumannii so she decided to do some research. Microbiol. Nevertheless, A. baumannii hand-carriage rates up to 23% were reported in healthcare workers (Almasaudi, 2018). 37, 597–601. Infect. There are a variety of microorganisms that cause health care-associated infections and ultimately, put patients at … We describe four cases of monomicrobial and polymicrobial A. baumannii-associated necrotizing SSTI accompanied by A. baumannii bacteremia and offer a review of similar experiences published in the literature. 18,179–183. Acinetobacter species are hosted by several insect species (Dillon and Dillon, 2004) but the occurrence of A. baumannii in hematophagous groups is poorly documented. However, A. baumannii can get into the body through a wound or break in the skin’s surface and cause problems. Seifert, H., Dijkshoorn, L., Gerner-Smidt, P., Pelzer, N., Tjernberg, I., and Vaneechoutte, M. (1997). Vectors. Our detailed experimental procedures are described in supplementary material (Technical Appendix). Although most A. baumannii infections occur in critically ill patients in the intensive care unit setting, the frequency of community-acquired A. baumannii infections has been increasing gradually. Acinetobacter. Acinetobacter baumannii is gaining importance as a cause of nosocomial infections, but its role in skin and soft tissue infection (SSTI) is not well defined. 34, 475–477. A. baumannii DNA was present in 26.9% of lice, and the positive association between the presence of body lice and A. baumannii skin-carriage was highly significant in this work. From an infection prevention perspective, the nature of Acinetobacter baumannii makes it an organism on the radar for prevention efforts against health care-associated infections. Body lice were found in 24/325 (7.4%) of subjects. HHS At enrolment, the population of 332 homeless people (shelter A [56%] and B [44%]) was mainly men with a mean age of 41 ± 14.1 years old (range, 19–84 years). Cell. While routine clinical diagnostic laboratories often have difficulties in differentiating A. baumannii from other Acinetobacter spp. It can also “colonize” or live in a patient without causing infections or symptoms, especially in respiratory secretions (sputum) or open wounds. doi: 10.1146/annurev.ento.49.061802.123416, Farrugia, D. N., Elbourne, L. D., Hassan, K. A., Eijkelkamp, B. COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. Infect. Then, as soon as lice excrete viable A. baumannii through lice feces that are deposed directly on the skin, the transmission may occur when the subjects scratch their skin. Neotrop. 39,1707–1709. doi: 10.3201/eid1009.040242, Lee, C. R., Lee, J. H., Park, M., Park, K. S., Bae, I. K., Kim, Y. Cell. doi: 10.1016/j.cimid.2011.08.007, Brouqui, P., Stein, A., Dupont, H. T., Gallian, P., Badiaga, S., Rolain, J. M., et al. Received: 14 January 2019; Accepted: 12 March 2019; Published: 05 April 2019. Additionally, because A. baumannii infections are so common in health care settings, many of the strains have become resistant to antibiotics and are harder to kill and prevent from spreading. Acinetobacter baumannii is commonly found in soil and water and can live on the skin of healthy people without causing problems. Entomol. J. Infect. 12:0006397. doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0006397, Mana, N., Louni, M., Parola, P., and Bitam, I. Prevalence of Acinetobacter baumannii DNA-carriage of various body sites and body lice. BACKGROUND: Acinetobacter baumannii is gaining importance as a cause of nosocomial infections, but its role in skin and soft tissue infection (SSTI) is not well defined. Acinetobacter baumannii can cause infections in the blood, urinary tract, and lungs (pneumonia), or in wounds in other parts of the body. Patients who have been in the hospital or on antibiotics for a long time are at risk, as are diabetics and people who have undergone invasive procedures. 35, 2819–2825. The automated DNA extraction was performed on 190 μl collected samples from skin swabs, blood, lice-washing liquid, crushed lice using a BioRobot®EZ1 Advanced XL instrument (QIAGEN, Hilden, Germany) and DNeasy® Blood & Tissue according to the manufacturer's instructions. FEMS. The Supplementary Material for this article can be found online at:, Almasaudi, S. B. She was briefly on a ventilator to help her breathe, and a few days later she developed a secondary infection, called ventilator-associated pneumonia.